farms004.htm Revised 1997 August
We would like would like to have a link to your farm home page. For info about linking your farm, click this line.
Since I have some unused space, I can host your FAW homepages free until I need the space. There is no charge for this or for helping you get your home pages going. One of the reasons I got internet service was to read about farms in other countries and states. It turns out there are not many homepages of farms. Those pages that exist tend to be very heavy on links to other pages. I don't need lots of links to USDA, I already have them in my bookmarks. I would rather read about your farm.
People who have pages should tell more about themselves and their life. Toward that goal, I am hosting farm home pages free. If your ISP does not provide you space for homepages, then you can install your page here until I need the space. If your ISP provides you space, but you can't write a page, then I can help you get a site started here and then you can transfer it to your ISP and leave a note here on your old site to direct visitors to your new location and remind them to bookmark the new location (URL).
Why am I doing this free? I love to teach! I love geography--always have. In doing this, I hope to make friendships around the world for myself and you. Especially, I hope to be an influence toward creating interesting URLs on the WEB. I will not be inserting advertisments in your hosted pages as commercial hosting companies do.
I first got internet service in January 1997. By the end of the first month, people were asking for my help. That shows how easy writing home pages is. I had no books, I just looked at pages on the web. I downloaded a page generator but only used it once. Like other authors, I found I could do better using Netscape Navigator. I have not become an expert on frames, sound, and video because they slow downloading. When I do begin using them I will put them on separate pages for use by people who have the time for slow downloading. My offer to help you is limited to simple sites with only the graphics that are needed for the subject matter. I avoid using graphics just to prove I know how to use .gif, .png, and .jpg.
Four farmers have chosen to put pages on my site. I am writing this page to set up a uniform procedure to speed that process so they don't needlessly waste time. I will update this page as new problems come up. You can use these steps to write pages in your own web space.
My equipment: For the steps below I am using an IBM-compatible PC, 486, Windows 3.11, and Netscape Navigator 3.01. For Windows 95 or other browser/editors, you may need to make minor changes.
Send me an e-mail containing a little information about your farm, location, climate, country, nearest city, crops, livestock. 5, 10, or 15 lines will be plenty for a start. You will doubtless add more later.
I will write a home page for you based on your information. I will install
it and link it from:
http://www.disknet.com/indiana_biolab/farms.htm (the .htm is required, also the www)
I usually get this done within 24 hours of the time you send the e-mail. If you don't see it within 24 hours, email me to see if I got the message.
Now you can begin planning your site. I will assign you 10 pages. The first page will be farms1x0.htm and it will be the home page I wrote for you. The x is the next unused integer in my page numbering system. Your last page is farms1x9.htm. I suggest you use 1x9.htm for questions and answers about your farm because that is an easy way to tell visitors many unrelated things about your farm. Since farms1x0.htm is your homepage, it will have links to your subpages and a link to farms.htm which is the worldwide homepage for FAW. That leaves 8 pages to tell the story of your farm. You might want to use one page for a calendar of the year's farm activities. If you grow hogs, beef, maize, soybeans, and hay, you might want to assign one page to each of these. That leaves 3 pages for your community, social, organizations, church, schools, family, foods, etc. You don't have to use 5 pages for crops and livestock, you could put all of them on one or two pages.
There is no limit on how much you can put in a page, but long pages take longer for visitors to access. Five to 25 kilobytes is long enough. 50K, including graphics, is about the maximum or visitors may give up. The homepage should be short so it loads quickly and shows the visitor he has a fast link. Visitors are hard to get. Give them a fast-loading, interesting page that covers what they are hoping for so they will stay and look at your other pages. I put graphics at the bottom so browser can begin installing text immediately. Search engines only use the first couple lines of your so make those lines informative about your site. I need to improve my pages on this point.
You can omit this step, but please don't.
While you are waiting on me to perform step 2a, please download Netscape Navigator 3.0 (or higher) and use it to look at other FAW sites and whatever you can find on the web that interests you. I want to teach you to use Navigator to write your own pages. It will be easier than you can guess. You don't need any books or special programs.
The only excuses for not downloading Netscape Navigator are
Use Netscape Navigator to look at the homepage that I wrote for you in Step 2. While looking at it, press alt-f-a (or click on file at upper left corner) and save as farms1x0.htm in a directory you made earlier called AAMYSITE. The AA causes your site directory to be listed at the top of the page where it is easy to find in Navigator.
Now you can unplug the phone line to save phone line costs. Click on the pen (edit) (not E) of the toolbars and the Netscape Editor will appear (notice the red line at bottom of toolbar helps you know you are in Editor). Your homepage may appear in the Editor work window, if not CLICK F (file) and click OPEN FILE. browse to AAMYSITE and then to FARMS1X0.HTM, click it and you should have your homepage in the work window. Now save it as JUNK1.HTM so you don't ruin farms1x0.htm. Now begin playing with the toolbar and begin editing JUNK1.HTM.
Some examples: Click Normal and you can change headline size. click at the right of that line and any highlighted line of text is changed to left, center, or right justify. Hit enter to insert a paragraph break. Hold down shift and press ENTER to get line break (single spaced lines).
To highlight text, hold down shift and use arrow keys. Try these: First highlight a few words of text and then change its color (click the checkerboard of colors), change type size (click left buttons of bottom tool bars), make a link (click the chain), or click bullets (middle bar), or justify.
To insert a .gif, .png. or .jpg click the white icon having 3 small figures within it. To create tables, click the window frame, To insert a target within a page for a link click on the arrow and target icon. To insert a rule click on the rule between the figure and window-like (table) icon. The last icon of the bottom line of tools is properties. Tables are difficult for most beginners; I would not use them now.
Experiment with all these things and really mess up Junk1.htm. To save it press alt-f-s. To save it as JUNK2.HTM press alt-f-a.
Practice using all the tools in your bar. Also study the white bar at the top by clicking on F E V I P O W Help; learn what they do. Notice that Edit lets you copy or cut and paste. Notice that Insert lets you enter HTML tags by hand. Notice I have not taught you any HTML tags; Netscape Editor puts them in automaticly.
Don't forget to click on Properties on the white bar, then document, that lets you type in the title, author, keywords, and description. Search engines and browers use these META lines.
Aren't you pleased how easy it was to learn to use your Editor ??? Now you understand why 75% of the pages zipping over the internet were written with Netscape Navigator.
If you skipped View, click it, then view document source to see what a page moving over the internet looks like. Notice the META labels at the top of the page. They show what Editor was used and enable sureys of which editor is most popular.
To improve your skill as a page author, simply save webpages you like, then open them in Netscape editor and click View to see the document source. Use what you learn there to add sparkle to your pages.
I am working on a more detailed Guide to Netscape Editor, but it won't be ready for some weeks. The above exercise is all the introduction you need to use Netscape Editor on your IBM-compatible PC.
Now reload farms1x0.htm (your homepage) and begin making changes in it to rewrite your homepage as only you can do. Save it, alt-f-s. Edit it again a few times. Send this New, Improved home page to Eddleman as follows: prepare an email to email@example.com and on the attachments line put C:\aamysite\farms1x0.htm send the e-mail and within 24 hours Eddleman will have installed your new home page.
Now work on adding some more pages to your site. Load the homepage and immediately resave it as tempage.htm (alt-f-a). Now you have a template for future pages. Using tempage.htm as a starting point begin a new page by editing tempage.htm. First I would save it as farms1x2.htm (alt-f-a) so you don't overwrite tempage.htm by forgetting this is a new page. After you complete the new page (don't forget to install any links you want), send it to Eddleman by attaching it to an e-mail.
Links may cause you some confusion. First of all, rembember AAMYSITE on your hard drive is a replica of your website. If the links do not work in AAMSITE, they won't work on the web. In fact, you should regard AAMYSITE on your drive as your site. When you think everything is correct and you have the links to your own pages and other sites on the web completed, it is easy to test them by just going on line, using any brower of your choice, click file, goto AAMYSITE, load your homepage. Now click on any link and it should work. Click on weather and you go to http://www.weather.gov if that was what you typed in after clicking on the chain in Editor when you were writing the page.
Links Summary. When writing a link, if it is to another page in yoursite, just write farms1x4.htm, as an example, or farms1x4.htm#wheat if you want to jump to the wheat target on the page farms1x4.htm. If you want to jump to some other site, the link must include the full URL of that site, as an example: http://www.pu.edu/wheat/rust.htm#1996 if that page talks about wheat rust of the year 1996. If puzzled, experiment from AAMYSITE on line.
Caution: if you plan to install your page on Harold Eddleman's site and you want to link to one of his pages, remember your page and his page are on the same website and you need to regard his site as part of yours. If you want to link to my birds1.htm, you just type in birds1.htm as the link. When you move that page to your own ISP, you will need to change that link to http://www.disknet.com/indiana_biolab/birds1.htm
It is possible to have subdirectories on a site. I don't use them and that saves lots of typing. All the FAW (farms) pages are in the same directory (folder) of my ISP as my science pages, geneology, etc.
Someday you will want to move pages from C:\AAMYSITE to the directory assigned to you by your Internet Service Provider (ISP). There are various ways to do this. The professional way is to FTP them into that directory. I recommend WS_FTP.EXE a superb program developed by the U.S.ARMY. I type win ftp, ftp appears on the screen, ftp calls winsock, and soon I have a screen showing 2 columns of programs with two arrows between them. At the top of the left column is C:\aamysite and at the top of the righthand column is \indbio. To move a program from my computer to my ISP website, I click on the program in the left column and it turns blue (highlighted). Then I click on the arrow pointed to the right (toward my ISP) and in a few seconds, the program appears in the rightmost column and a message flashes TRANFER COMPLETED.
After I upload a page to the server, I often find I want to make a change, I do it and ususally find another error. Here is how to do all that very rapidly. You are running Netscape 3.0 gold (3.01 gold is even better). The trick is to click on the down arrow in the upper right corner of screen. That minimizes netscape to an icon at the bottom of the page. I now have 4 icons minimized: WinSock, FTP, Program Manager, and Netscape, (it is ok if there are more than that running minmized at the bottom of the screen. Now I just maximize the icon I want. At the end of that operation, I minimize it. This keeps things simple and there is no need to reestablish communications with your ISP. WinSock stays connected as you switch from Editor to FTP (to upload) to Browser to see the results. If you want to see how the program looks on several browsers you could add those browsers, minimized (I assume, I have not yet tried it). You can fine tune a page very fast using this minimized icons trick. Having them minimized makes it easy to find the one you want.
Now, please help another farmer set up a website. Each one teach one.
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Suggestions, corrections, and comments are appreciated: Contact Harold Eddleman firstname.lastname@example.org