I wrote this 1986 Feb 3 to help me understand the events related to my Eddleman ancestors.
This page is a listing of historical facts and dates and some notes on Eddleman. This page helps the reader understand the state of affairs surrounding the Eddleman who came to Ameria and might help establish Eddleman lineages by the reader having a better understanding of what is likely to have happened during that period of American History. We studied all this as fourth graders in school, but it is easier and more interesting when we look at this time of constant warring from the viewpoint of the Eddleman who were there during the battles.
In the beginnings, 100 million years ago, The Teays River flowed from NC ==>VA ==> OH ==> IN ==> St. Louis, MO where it flowed into the Gulf of Mexico. The sediments from the Teays were filling in the Gulf of Mexico which covered southern Illinois at that time. It filled in the Gulf to form the delta areas of the states from Illinois to Louisianna. During the ice ages, The Teays River was blocked by ice and the Ohio River formed. The Teays did not reform after the ice melted. New River of western North Carolina was a tributary of the Teays and is the second oldest river of the World. Asians came to America about 20,000 years ago via the Bering Straits land bridge during the ice ages when so much water was locked up in ice that the oceans levels were lowered.
When the Vikings came to America via Iceland and Greenland, the native American were able to destroy their small settlements. Before Europeans came in force, more or less constant warring tribes in America destroyed the agricultural civilizations that sprang up.
Geology determines the location of game trails. For 15,000 years Indian trails followed the game trails. Early pioneers followed the Indian trails. Some Indian trails ran hundreds of miles. The present interstate highways often (always?) follow game trails that are millions of years old. I-64 follows or parallels a Buffalo trace. Palmyra is on that original Buffalo Trace, Indiana's first road. It runs from Vincennes to the Falls of the Ohio on thru the Bluegrass to the salt licks where buffalo, Indians, and Daniel Boone obtained salt. Those salt springs are dry now. Catherine Eddleman settled in Indiana near Buffalo Trace.
1618-48 Thirty Years' War in Europe. Any European coming to America then had lost everything and America was his last hope for survival.
1691 Feb 18 - 1691 Feb 29 These days did not occur. They were skipped to get the calendar back in tune with the solar system.
------ From this point I will first concentrate on the history related to my Edelmann ancestors ------
1701 NC Davison County. Trading Fort established on Sapona River (now called Ydkin River) at the Indian town of Sapona Town.
1700-1735 Vincennes, Indiana, founded by the French. Date uncertain. (Indiana Miscellany, Published in 1867, by Rev. William C. Smith.)
1710 - NC. Some Germans settle on Roanoke River.
1734 - PA, Daniel Boone born.
1737 NC, Davidson County. Scotch-Irish came to NC from Shenandoah Valley. The Governor of NC welcomed them to form a buffer between the Indians to the west and the rich coastal plantations.
1745 NC. Germans from PA settle along Yadkin River in western North Carolina.
1745-1755 - Germans continue to settle on fertile creeks and rivers of western NC. They had schools and churches but did not become a force in public affairs. They were good farmers and played a strong part in Revolutionary War. (Davidson County Heritage - each NC county has a heritage book).
1700s Kentucky and the surrounding areas were mostly free of Indian Settlements because the Iroquois had driven the Shawnee and other tribes out. Due to the abscene of population, the Bluegrass became repopulated with game and was an excellent hunting ground. The Iroquois did not stop this hunting but prevented any settlements. The Iroquois, of course, opposed any American settlement of the area also. The French and British supplied arms to their Indian allies and courted the hostilities between Indian nations to keep each other out of Kentucky and what became the Northwest Territory. Both French and British opposed American Colonists expanding west of the App. Mountains. The Spanish, especially about 1800, encouraged many of the displaced Indians to settle in Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas to provide a buffer against expansion of the Colonists, French and English down the Mississippi River. However, colonists such as the Eddlemans, ignored the British laws and along with greedy land speculators pressed over the mountains. After the Revolutionary War began, Congress, unable to control the western expansion, did what it could to avoid loss of life among the lawbreaking Colonists.
1750 Dr. Walker's Report on Kentucky
1750 Squire Boone, father of Daniel Boone, arrived in NC with his family from Pennsylvania about 1750. They built a small house about 10 miles SW of Lexington, NC, on banks of Kadkin River. Daniel was age 16 when they arrived. Boone's Den is a cave. Daniel married Rebecca Bryan and shortly moved up the Yadkin River and out of the region.
1750. Pennsylvania Germans were living in Alamose, Guildford, Davidson, Rowan, Cabarens, Stanley, Iredell, Catawba, Lincoln Counties of North Carolina.
1753 Nov 17. Wachovia Settlement. A group of Germans (Monravians), coming directly from Germany, received a grant of 100,000 acres by Lord Granville. They settled the villages of Bethabara, Bethania, and Salem (now Winston-Salem). The group later moved and founded Hope, Indiana. Their diary is published and is an excellent source of very limited information. Abotts Creek flowed out of the south edge of this 100,000 acre tract.
1753 or 1754 Jersey Settlement began in central Davidson County. Pastor Rev. Benjamin Miller arrived in 1756. They were particular Baptists.
???? NC Abbots Creek. Known as the Dutch Settlement (German) on Abotts Creek. (I think this is now flooded by the High Rock Dam.) At first, the Germans (Pilgrim Church Area) did not have pastoral leadership. However, the German Reformed and Lutheran settlers brought German bibles, catechisms, and hymn books. In 1753 or 1754 they began holding outdoor services and soon erected a log building for meeting house and school.
1756 Abbotts Creek Baptist church formed. First church in Northeast Davidson County, NC.
1756 NC. A large influx of Germans from Pennsylvania came to Yadkin River near Salisbury. Daniel Boone lived a few miles downstream from them.
1759 NC. South Carolina troops were stationed at Salisbury and Cherokee Indians sued for peace. Prior to that Sapona Indians were fairly peaceful, but Cherokee killed, captured and burned homes.
1761 NC. Rowan County Court. _____ ____ Court of Pleas and Quarterly Sessions held at Salisbury for the County ______ this 21st day of July in the first year of the Reign of our Soverign the ___ of 1761 ___. No Eddleman business recorded.
1765 Feb 4. David Sauer born to Phillip Sauer. Sponors: David Edelmann and wife Anna Catharine. Pilgrim Church, Lexington, North Carolina.
1769 Daniel Boone first saw the Bluegrass Country of Kentucky.
1770 Mar 12, Wednesday. David Edleman (livestock) mark is a crop and hole in each ear. NC court Minutes 1755-1767 (C.R. 085. 301.2) page 185. In the minutes of 1753-55, I saw Squire Boone about 2/3 way thru the book.
1771 April 6. David Conrad born to Adam Conrad, his 7th child. Sponsors: David Ettelman and wife Anna Catharina. Pilgrim Church, Lexington. I believe sponsorsip and godparents meant you were agreeing to care for the child if it became an orphan. Perhaps these sponsorships mean Anna Catherina Edelmann (Ettelman), Mrs. Phillip Sauer, and Adam Conrad were siblings. This may suggest David Eddleman's bride was Catherina Conrad.
1773 - Daniel Boone and 5 families set out for Kentucky, but James Boone was killed. The party returned to the home of William Russel near Castleswoods on the Clinch River and spent the winter of 73-74 in that neighborhood.
1774 Gov. Dunsmore began a campaign against the Indians (Dunsmore's War).
1774 North Carolina joined other colonies in adopting measures to defend against British taxes. Congress at New Bern (a swiss settlement).
1774 Harrodsburg, Kentucky, established and became first permanent settlement in KY, first child born, first child dies, all in KY.
1776 Apr 19 to 1781 Oct 19 is the period of the American Revolutionary War.
1775 Daniel Boone planned the Wilderness Road. The route is all in Virginia, but one trace went up the Hoston River from Bristol TN to Beans Station, then crossed the mountains over Clinch and Powell Rivers to Cumberland Gap where it rejoined the Wilderness Road, thence via Pineville, Barbourville, London, to Hazel Patch where a branch went to Boonesborough. The Catherine Eddleman farm was __ miles northwest of Boonesborough. From Hazel Patch the Wilderness Road also ran to Danville, Harrodsburg, Bardstown, to Louisville. The Falls of the Ohio (Louisville) was a gateway to Indiana for those coming from Kentucky or down the Ohio from Pittsburgh.
**** Much later Daniel Boone's Western Platinate. In Register of Ky State Historical Society. Vol 7, #21, Sep 1909, p 91-96. Boone established this at St. Charles, MO. Others took all Boone's Kentucky lands from him and he was trying again to avoid pauper status. Recall Abraham Lincoln's family had the same problem and moved to Indiana. Today, even experts can't determine the boundaries of land in Kentucky. Often lawyers back in Williamsburg, Virginia, filed a client's land under his own name and let the client built a farm. Then the lawyer sold the farm and the client learned he worked all those years on land he never owned. Thus Kentucky lawyers became wealthy. Furthermore, I have been told, surveyors often demanded 1/2 the land for surveying it.
1775 Hinkson Settlement built by Capt John Hinkson and his 15 men. No Eddleman. Later Ruddles Fort was built one month before the battle of Lexington, Ky. They raised enough corn to be able to plant in 1776.
1775 Autumn. William Bryan, brother-in-law of Daniel Boone, came to Kentucky with 3 brothers and several neighbors from the settlement at the forks of the Yadkin River, NC. After a short time at Boonesborough they returned to NC to make preparations to plant corn in Kentucky in 1776.
1776 March. The Bryans returned to Ky, crossing Kentucky River at Boonesborough, and settled Bryans Station 16 miles north of Boonesborough on the North Fork of Elkhorn River, 5 miles northeast of present site of Lexington. They cleared 60 acres and planted corn. They returned to NC to get their families, leaving 2 men to care for the corn. The Cherokee Indians began war against the frontier of Virginia, NC, and SC, preventing their return until April 1779.
1776 July 14. Jemima, Daniel Boone's second daughter, and Elizabeth and Frances Callaway, daughters of Col. Richard Callaway, were in a canoe on Kentucky River in sight of Boonesborough. They were captured by a band of Indians. Boone and a party rescued them the next day.
1776 July 30. 'An Edelman arrived from New River. He denied the report of July 29, saying that instead of 6,000 Indians, there might be 600 and on New River no whites had thought to flight.' Records of Monravians in NC, Vol 3, Bethania. We often assume this is David Eddleman, but this note does not say his name was David.
1776 July 31 (date error? or is this a repeat of the note above) 'Mr. Edelman came from Holston's River, to take his wife and childern thither from Aboots Creek. He said there was much unrest on account of the Indians, but the people were not frightened and thought they could protect themselves against the enemy.' Records of the Monravians in NC. Many assume this was David Eddleman, but it does not say David.
1776 Dec 31. Kentucky County of Virginia formed. Virgina had been claiming all the land to the Mississippi River.
1777 - Kentucky. Indian attacks were so severe that only 3 settlements proved permanent: Boonesborough, 22 men; Harrodsburg, 65 men; Logan's fort, 15 men.
1778 - Land Office opened in Wilkes County, North Carolina. For early history of New River, I may look in histories of these NC counties: Allegheny, Asche, Dobson, Rowan, Surrey, Watauga, and Wilkes.
1778 Feb 6. 'On the report of the committee, Valentine Leonard, Collector for Captain Lopps District, allowed four delinquents viz: David Eddleman, L 1.3.2 1/2; John Smith 4/.; Paul Fisher 4/.; John Connally 4/.' Rowan County minutes of Pleas and Quarterly Session. Vol 4, 1773-1786, pages 1 - 563. Microfilm at New Albany (IN) Public Library. C.R. 085.301.4 page 147. If this David was Catherine's husband, then it appears he had left North Carolina without paying his final taxes which probably came due after he had left for Kentucky.
1778 Feb 7. Daniel Boone and 30 men captured by Indians and taken to Detroit. They had been making salt at _______ spring. Pioneers often made salt at these salt springs commonly called "licks" because animals visited them to lick or eat the soil. I have seen mountain sheep do the same.
1778 June 20. Daniel Boone returned to Boonesborough.
1778 Aug 8-20. Indians and British laid siege to Boonesborough killing 2 and wounding 4 Kentuckians. In the Autumn, Boone returned to NC for his family, who had left when they assumed Daniel was dead.
1778 Recall Catherine Eddleman was granted land for claiming to settle on it in 1778. Settled means she claimed they raised a corn crop. Corn can't be planted much later than mid-June to produce a crop. I do not know whether their corn could be planted that late (depends upon the corn strain) or whether she actually harvested, or for that matter whether she was actually there and planted corn.
1779 summer. Daniel Boone returned with his family to founded Boones Station on or near present Athens, Fayette County. He was joined by sons Edward and Willliam, and William Hays, son-in-law, and their families.
1779-80 David Ederman on list of Capt Isaac Ruddles Company (Martin and Ruddles) near Cynthiana, Kentucky. I have never seen this list. Did it ever exist? Please e-mail me. Many use this info to suggest that this David Ederman is David Eddleman, husband of Catherine Eddleman.
1779 NC. Pvt John Addleman, 3 years service in Ballard's Co., 10th Regiment and Hall's Company (1781). Left service 1782 Sep 29. NC State Records 16-1007.
1780 January - British were planning a many pronged attack to capture the entire Ohio and Mississippi Valleys. In one of these attacks, Captain Henry Bird left Detroit in April with 600 warriors. When he reached the Ohio River he had 1200 warriors. Thru the summer he burned American settlements and tortured and killed the residents.
1780 Spring. At Bryans Station, Indians killed several men including Col. Callaway and William Bryan, son of William Bryan.
1780 May. William Bryan killed by Indians. The Bryans returned to NC having lost title to their land.
1780 Summer. Indians and British took all people at Ruddles and Martins forts.
1780 Catherine Eddleman petitioned for 500 acres in Fayette County. When she sold the land, there was only about 100 acres. I have misplaced the deed.
1780 Nov 1. Kentucky county divided into Jefferson, Lincoln, and Fayette counties.
1781 Oct 19. Revolutionary War ends.
1781 NC. Daniel Addleman, Corporal, 12 months service in Coleman's Company, 10th Regiment, Col Abraham Shepherd, commanding (Lt Bush). NC State Records 16-1008.
1782 August 15. Several hundred Indians and British attacked Bryans station under Simon Girty, the ruthless American turncoat. Attackers were driven off after 2 days with aid of men from other stations. 182 Kentuckians pursued the Indians, but were ambushed at Blue Licks with the loss of 77 dead and 12 wounded. This was a needless loss caused by a few young hotheads who disobeyed orders and ran out in a field to chase a couple decoy Indian braves. The Kentucky leadership suspected it was a decoy into an ambush, but ran after the young Kentuckians hoping to rescue them. An example of lack of military discipline. Disciplined soldiers would have let the few young guys run to their deaths and avoided 70 to 75 dead.
1782 Nov. General George Rodgers Clark led an expedition of 1000 mounted riflemen from Louisville into Ohio Indian Country defeating the Shawnee on Miami River and burned six of their principal towns on the Miami and Scioto Rivers in Ohio. The losses forced the Shawnee to build town farther north in Ohio.
1783 Catherine Eddleman granted 345.5 acres in Fayette County for settling on it in 1778.
1784 NC. John Addleman from Halifax, NC, and Warrenton, 1786, served 1784 Sep 1 to 1785. NC State Records 17-189.
1788 NC. Davidson County. Beulah (Sauers) Reformed Church formed.
1789 April 30. George Washington became first President of the United States of America.
1791 approx. Aaron Eddleman born in TN; Basis Census of 1850 which reported him as age 59, farmer in Scott County, Ky. War of 1812 veteran.
1793 Bourbon County, KY. General Deed for John Burger, Deed Book B, page 348. This John might be husband or son-in-law of Catherine Eddleman.
1793 Vincennes, Indiana. M Rivet, a Frenchman, opened the first school.
1798 Oct 25. Michael Burgher married August 28, 1851, 3, 356 I can't make sense of these numbers, the last may be page number.
to be continued
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